Animals

How is the Andalusian Podenco

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He Andalusian podenco It is a breed of dog native to Spain, specifically Andalusia. They are very similar dogs to other Iberian breeds such as the Ibizan hound, the canary or the Portuguese.

There have been various controversies about their ancestors and origins but, to date, it is considered a dog imported from the Middle East to the Iberian Peninsula by the Phoenicians during the 5th and 6th centuries B.C. Genetic studies have shown this, however, this breed also has phylogenetic relationships with the rest of European hunting dogs, probably due to the mixture with the first continental dogs.

Despite being an indigenous and ancient race, it was not until 1990 when he entered the world of official cynology, with the formation of the race club. In 1992, the RSCE would recognize the Andalusian Podenco as a pattern or racial standard. Despite this, the breed is not yet recognized by the FCI or any other international cynological association given the great coincidences by the Portuguese Podenco.

FEATURES

The Andalusian hound is a robust, compact, strong and muscular breed. It has a well proportioned, strong and pyramidal trunk medium head. The neck is almost straight, medium in size, cylindrical in shape and with wide insertion in the head and trunk. In addition, it is of great musculature and presents a skin well attached to the body. Its extremities are of medium proportions. It has a strong musculature and broad elbows, prominent and parallel to the middle plane of the body. The hind limbs are perfectly plumb and with a muscular development. Its feet have a rounded shape, with strong fingers.

In addition, in this breed of dog there are three types of heights. Thus, in the large size, males are between 54 and 64 centimeters tall and females range between 53 and 61 centimeters. In the average size, males are between 43 and 53 centimeters and females have between 42 and 52 centimeters. Finally, in the small size, males range between 35 and 42 centimeters and females between 32 and 41 centimeters.

It has a very varied coat. Very hard and long, silky and long or short and fine. Its color is usually white, which can exist in its variants of silver, matt, ivory or cinnamon, with all its possible variants.

His eyes are small in size and rounded. The pigmentation on the edge of the eyelids must be in accordance with the color of the truffle or coat. It has triangular ears, erect and with the blunt end. It has a snout shorter than half of the total head size and a round nose, medium size and with the nostrils wide open. His jaw is well developed and progressively accompanies strong jaws.

The tail of this type of dog is of low implantation, but strong and covered with abundant hair. It is never cut and towards the end of it tend to present some white spot the examples of cinnamon color. Its cranial regional is convex, with slightly marked occipital protuberance.

Regarding their behavior, it should be noted that this species has great intelligence and is very sociable. It is balanced and affectionate, very faithful to its owner. You will always be attentive to ensure your safety and have a great capacity for training. Sometimes he mistrusts strangers and acts as a great guardian when he notices his master's absence. In that case, it may show some aggressiveness.

UTILIZATION

The Andalusian hound is a dog born to hunt, very resistant to fatigue. It is quick in its search and is used for both small and large game. It is an excellent hair and feather collector either in water or on rough terrain.

It has a sense of sight, smell and highly developed ear, which makes it especially good in rabbit hunting. One of the most typical functions of the large-sized hound is to accompany the greyhounds during the hare hunt. It should be noted that the podenco does not run over the piece, it does not frighten it, but acts with subtlety, in the same way that it moves through the tunnels and passages that the pieces make in the undergrowth.

FOOD AND CARE

The food needs of the podenco range between 1,350 kilocalories per day for males and 1,200 for females. In the specimens used for hunting, these values ​​must be increased to counteract the large expenditure of energy they carry out.

Also, this breed of dog is not prone to problems and diseases, so it does not need beyond the basic and veterinary care common to all dogs. It should be noted that it requires continued exercise to keep it healthy and balanced. In addition, as in other hunting dogs, it is convenient to perform a periodic inspection after each day in the field, in order to discover the possible spikes stuck or parasites in the skin or hair. Regarding its coat, it is recommended to brush it weekly with a rubber glove. You need few bathrooms, usually one per month.

The Andalusian podenco is a hunter par excellence, with good social character. Hunting from sun to sun. It is versatile and hard

The Andalusian podenco is the most recognized hunting dog in Spain and in truth, reasons are not lacking. Rustic animal, with great resistance to diseases, temperate in its diet, and versatile in terms of hunting.

It is a hunter par excellence, with good social character. Hunting from sun to sun. It is versatile and hard. He was in the field, hunting, being useful, for centuries, although social institutions, turned their backs.

The specialized dog breeds became fashionable, which led them to look for them outside our country. English and German dogs filled our kennels. Why turn your eyes on the podenco?

That was the village dog, the hunter's dog away from the most commercial hunting circuits, of the hunting organizations.

But the Andalusian podenco is a lot of dog to surrender to so much stupidity. This dog remained and finally emerged as one of the most complete Spanish hunting breeds. It could not be otherwise.

The Andalusian podenco is able to hunt almost everything, it is unbeatable for the rabbit and as effective for the partridge as a sample dog, not to mention its millenary employment as the basis of the Spanish mountain rehalas.

It is a dog for all types of land, responds wisely to its environment, the mount, the bush, the fallow, dry land or irrigated by streams and rivers, no fighter finds it difficult.

His main hunting piece is the rabbit, he works like a good lifter and tenaciously follows the trail, using the same nose, sight and hearing, the only breed that uses these three senses in equal measure to hunt.

His ears always looking at the sky, wide at its base and pointed at the end, highly mobile, are adapted to capture the smallest sounds that the rabbit emits in its flight.

The Andalusian hound the most recognized hunting dog

The position of the eyes, Small, oblique, almond-shaped, slightly lateral, it allows a wide viewing angle and protection against the intense light of Andalusia.

His wide noses, wide, which facilitate pulmonary ventilation, are endowed with a smell of great finesse and ability to conveniently discriminate the odors of the different pieces.

The podenco hunts with intuition and ease, or at least that is the impression the hunter receives when he sees his dogs work. They beat the right, the necessary, insightful before the rabbit's tricks, they are very fast of movements, exhibiting a portentous agility.

Its chest slightly lowered, being above the elbows, facilitates a great freedom of movement of the previous limbs, which are not hindered by the rubbing of the elbows with the chest, facilitating abrupt changes of direction.

They may not be spectacular hunting because they lack the plasticity of the sample, but they are practical and effective like no other.

It is endowed with a lot of background, its physical resistance seems to have no end and doses its energies throughout the day of hunting, so that in endurance it surpasses most of the dog breeds.

The skin is well attached to the body, which favors that great resistance. Another of its virtues, to keep in mind, is that they are born and very possessive collectors, they never deliver the piece charged to anyone other than its owner.

Locate the injured parts effectively and recover them even in the most difficult places. Its dry and elongated head, with a narrow and long snout, allows it to charge between the most closed bushes.

Personally, I have had the great luck of being able to hunt with my podenco "pepe". In addition to my faithful hunting companion, he became an excellent companion dog. For what I apologize for my lack of objectivity. Is my dog

Trunk, tail and neck

A fast dog is not the same as a fast moving dog. The Andalusian podenco is the latter. It has to go from the tense rest of, for example, a stop, to the very rapid movement of an attack to get out of the bush with the piece in the mouth. And I do not speak only of a piece of hair, since I have seen some podenco of 'a lot of mouth', as we say the podenqueros when referring to specimens that take a lot of hunting tooth, get out of the bush with a partridge caught to tooth in it Time to start the flight. And catching tooth hunting should come into the plans of every hobbyist. Who does not like that your dog picks up teeth, you better change your breed. I compare many times these rapid movements of attack, in the specimens that best execute it, with the attack of a viper, that to see it well you have to do it in slow motion.

For this mobility, a rather short body (as set by the official standard) and well muscled is needed, especially in the dorsal and lumbar area, with a type of tight and fibrous muscle, the same to apply to short and fast efforts and the opposite of the saddled and elongated body of other types of dogs, selected for other functions.

The chest should be rather wide, more in males, but also somewhat deeper than in females to house a good ribcage, without reaching the extreme of looking like a strength dog. Of course, the excessive proximity between the elbows in straight aplombs is considered defect. The podenco spends less energy on the hunt than other trotting or galloping dogs, since its hunt must be a light walk and only go into the race when it takes the piece ahead. The hound who, as an adult, seeks hunting for the race, simply does not work. This makes its resistance measured in hours of performance in the field, if it is a dog with a lung box and musculature as they should be and is properly fed, is very high, even hunting him out for several days in a row. As the podencos are gaining experience, they are dosed much more, and they run only when it is truly accurate, learning the hunter to come and go almost directly to the places dear to the hunt.

This is the most important part in defining a breed of dogs. It must be a pyramid trunk, as in all wild canids, with a mesocephalic skull and of the same length as that of the snout, with a little pronounced stop and not protruding eye orbits, so that they are damaged as little as possible in reeds or other weeds. sharp or sharp. The outer corner of the eye should be in line with the birth of the ear. The ears must be of medium insertion, completely erect in a state of attention, proportionate to the size of the specimen, and slightly mobile towards the sides, to orient them as a radar, since the ear is one of its main weapons in the hunt, hence the days of strong wind are the worst for the podenqueros. At the same time, the ears should be retractable, to quickly throw them back when facing the thicket with the muzzle in front and below, which is how it should be. If an Andalusian podenco enters a thick and sharp thicket, of the same height or higher, as if it were an equine, with the hands in front and the ears poisoned, bad.

The lips should be adjusted to the jaw, without the appearance of droopy belfos and with strong and well marked maxillary muscles. The denture must be complete in the copies suitable for reproduction, to the point that a male who is missing more than one premolar, has no right to be registered in the Register of Dog Breeds (RRC). A good Andalusian hound, however, must present the hunt captured alive tooth, so if we let it go, it can keep running again.

The eyes should be small and round, or slightly almond-shaped, honey colored. Blue eyes can be a symptom of albinism, especially in specimens with a predominance of the white layer. Finally, the look has to be frontal, like that of every good predator.

Extremities

They must have straight aplombs and open angulations, with strong forearms and long arms in proportion to the body, with well-marked muscles in the rump and forearms, which are the parts that push the most to launch it to the fast sprint. The arms, although they should not be as thick as in other hunting breeds, should give a feeling of strength and rusticity, in the same way as the arms of any wild canid in proportion to its body. The feet have to be rounded, neither of cat nor of Hare, with arched fingers, although not in excess. The feet ‘of hare’, apart from being considered defective, have frequent nail breaks on dry land, especially in the effort of launching the body of rest or galloping. Nails will be white or brown, never black. The hard pads, very difficult to hover in sufficiently chained dogs.

Character in the hunt and in his kennel

While in its resting place, the adult podenco remains most of the time cast or in an attitude of rest. The podenco is very sparingly eating, to the point that many new podenqueros believe that their dog does not eat because of being sick. His character must be sociable, cheerful with his owner and harmless to extreme limits, especially with children, with whom he loves to play, although quite suspicious of strangers, a feature that has been enhanced over many years so that no one they could be approached when they carried hunting on their way to their owner or their home, the nights they were released to hunt alone.

Hunting they have to be serene, although not slow, dosing and moving from rest to rapid movement with a speed typical of a vermin. The collection is innate as soon as they assume the hierarchy of their owner. They tend to learn the memory hunter as soon as they travel a couple of times, hence if we take them to the hunt where there is no hunt, many anxious and not stuck in the shotgun heads straight to where they know there is.

Of the hunting style in the podencos We have already spoken on other occasions. You need frequent exercise in open areas during the closed season, since, as we have said, it is very quiet in its place of refuge.

Total hunter by nature

The vast Andalusian countryside is the means that this breed of hunting dogs has forged. A land characterized by its high temperatures and lack of rainfall, in which the dry season is extended up to six months -and more-, and temperatures that exceed many times forty degrees are recorded, which implies maximum evaporation. Thus, the Andalusian podenco had to be born dry, lean, rustic and frugal in their demands, asking for little and giving much. He is the representative of a land where he who does not comply is not worth it.

He Andalusian podenco is a hunting dog unique and exceptional for the Hispanic mountains. Of the different population podenquiles of our land, the Ibicenco, the Canary, and the Andalusian, possibly the latter is the most bastard in front of the original type of the race, preserved more genuinely in the islands. We must bear in mind that the oldest vestiges of the existence of dogs of type podenco go back to about nine thousand years before Christ, specifically in the Saharan steppe, in the Mesolithic age.

According to Przezdziecki in his book le The Hounds in Prehistory ’, the podencos arrived in Hispania by the hand of the Phoenicians. While in the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands, due to the isolation effect created by insularity, there was hardly any miscegenation with other breeds, in the Peninsula, in the Andalusian countryside, it soon crossed paths with the country's dogs, trackers or sample. This resulted in an animal of smaller stature than the Ibizan hound but of better hunting qualities - since it is not limited only to rabbit- and much more docile, which allows an easier handling of the animal by the hunter, and with a notable less intraspecific aggressiveness, which has favored its integration into you remake and collars of all kinds.

In the Hispanic noon it is used in both big and small game to go after the rabbit, and occasionally it is also used for the hare and even the partridge. It is worth noting that some have a sample as firm and sustained as the best retriever can have it. With thick features we can place its hunting action between that of the tracking dogs (hounds and taps) and the race (greyhounds), because he can not act as the first to be less clever his nose, or as the second to be less fast than runners, even when in his hunting action he tracks, catches and runs the piece. It is the only dog ​​that really hunts alike with sight, smell and hearing.

Fashion free

Undoubtedly, the late entry of the Andalusian podenco in the annals of the official cinofilia in no way harmed the race. The Royal Canine Society of Spain did not recognize its existence until 1992, giving the paradox that at that time there were more podencos in Andalusian agriculture than the total sum of the remaining native races throughout the national territory. And I say that it did not harm, and I would almost affirm that it was beneficial, because while other native breeds had to compete with native breeds, being generally displaced by them - the Spanish hound by the French hounds, or our Burgos and retrievers by Navarra dogs shows British-, there was no race that could compete with the Andalusian podencos in their performance in the field.

Like an immovable farallon, the Andalusian podenco endured all the fashions of fashions thanks to its functional performance and its ability to adapt. It is a hunting dog for hunters, a dog away from the whimsical world of cinephile structures, where the personal tastes of this or that judge or fashions impose the value of dogs above their functional qualities. The late recognition allowed the breed to be selected naturally, using the utility as a scale and eliminating those useless specimens for hunting, no matter how beautiful they possessed. The dichotomy between raising a hunting dog or raising a dog with papers (pedigree) has deeply damaged many hunting dog breeds, luckily not the Andalusian hound.

Small game

No dog breed is as genuinely characteristic of the Mediterranean basin as the podencos, ecotype of conejero dog. The Andalusian podencos in medium size and small size, both in straight and hard hair, are one of the best options for the rabbit hunt fan. Occasionally I have attended controversies about the benefits of a certain size or mantle to hunt in the brambles, but the truth is that in the mentioned types these differences go to a second term when we find a stubborn hound, hunter, with the thrust that characterizes the race. These podencos respond well in the most varied lands and hunting areas, as evidenced by their widespread dissemination throughout the Andalusian community and in the southern part of Castilla-La Mancha.

Whether in the mountains or on the plains, in the brambles or the prickly pears, whether the vegetation is rich or scarce, soft or arisca, the medium and small podenco is a winning option for the rabbit, the hare and the partridge in the jump . It is a pleasure to see them beat the weeds covered with undergrowth and the sotos to evict rabbits with loud barking, those who chase after a long race.

The Andalusian podencos are capable of almost everything, and you have to see them work in their double condition as a rabbit lifter and chaser along the trail to understand the deep meaning of an ancient hunting style, preserved thanks to its effective performance. They are dogs that beat what is necessary and work quickly, that do not waste energy in giving spectacle but that they dose it, hence their reputation as tireless in the bush.

Perfect for hair hunting

Observing the morphology, the external appearance of a dog, we see how it has been modified for its adaptation to a type of hunting and specific pieces, which allows us to deduce its hunting style. Well-defined morphological features point to the podenco as an unquestionable rabbit hunter. Analyzing its physical structure we observe a medium to large ear, poisoned, directed to the front but equipped with great mobility to capture the noise emitted by the rabbit in its movements.

The eyes are positioned semi-laterally, thus giving you a panoramic vision, a wide angle of vision to detect how much happens in your environment. It has a lupoid type head, dry and fine, with a long snout that can be introduced between the brambles to bite the crouched rabbit. His chest, little descended, is in the best specimens above the elbows. Such a chest does not hinder the mobility of the previous limbs and facilitates abrupt changes of direction, so necessary for the peculiar zigzagging of the rabbit when escaping through the undergrowth. The retracted belly, never agalgado, and the very muscular back members allow the muscular tension that it needs for the jump, those impressive boats that it gives between the undergrowth to observe the flight of the rabbit.

Other features of his physiognomy also show us his perfect adaptation to the Hispanic noon, characterized by high temperatures. The skin well attached to the body, with the absence of adipose panicle, which allows you to work on the hottest days without compromising your health, and tight feet, with well-picked fingers, necessary to move through dry and arid terrain.

Hunting mode

The hunting style of the hounds is very personal and clearly shows that he is a specialist. The bearing of the head is that of a dog looking for the track on the ground, therefore it is tending to go low, with the nose not too far from the ground. The tail, forming a wide arc, indicates with vibrations the phases of the search. The ears alternate the maximum erection during the search with a lower perceptual tension, but without ever being relaxed. When the podenco detects a piece of hair, there is a harmonious fusion of physical, psychic and physiological qualities that include the tone of voice, movement and psychic balance. By its nature it uses when hunting all its senses (smell, sight, hearing), but also its whole body, transformed into hunting energy, as well as a quality that is unique and does not have any other breed of hunting dogs: the cleverness. The podenco is able to deceive and to avoid deceit, hunts stealthily, silently, when circumstances demand it, but it is a troublemaker, with that raucous and striking heartbeat he possesses, when needed.

The podenco does not run over the piece, it does not scare it, it acts with a method, with subtlety, in the same way that it moves in the mountain through the tunnels and passages that the pieces make among the undergrowth. It is not an imposition of the exterior in front of that nature, before a certain habitat and pieces, but it is part of that world, it is in communion with it. Unlike pointer, which goes from civilization to nature, the podenco is nature in its purest state, hence its unsurpassed hunter qualities emanate.

Hunting in broken terrain, in very closed mountains or in brambles is very hard, one hour of work of the podenco in these lands is equivalent to several hours of effort of the sample dog in the plain, sacrifice to which we have to add the high temperatures . The rabbit is a very serene animal, which even in the face of the greatest danger conserves cold blood, and can therefore offer a great challenge to the hounds. When the Andalusian locates the rabbit is transformed, it remains motionless, in tension to verify that the piece is hidden there. If so, the tail seems to take on a life of its own, moving left and right at high speed: it is a mechanical movement, produced by the enormous nervous tension to which the podenquillo is subjected.

Suddenly the characteristic beat of the race arises and begins to jipiar: it is the warning bark that will give way to a thousand times repeated history, the combat between the predator and his piece. Turn the dog around the kill looking for the point to attack, keeping the body arched and stretching to keep track of the place where he believes the piece is. It usually enters the bush or bramble on the side opposite the hunter so that the rabbit jumps facing the shotgun. Sometimes the skill of the hound or the awkwardness of the rabbit allows the dog to come out carrying the piece in the mouth, but usually the dog will undertake a quick race after the rabbit, beating with enthusiasm.

Yesterday peace, today confusion

I started talking about the late recognition of the Andalusian podenco by the Royal Canine Society and how that did not represent an inconvenience for the breed, which because of its undeniable utility was not displaced by any other. It would be assumed that after recognition everything would be honey on flakes, but it was not so. Shortly after the recognition by the RSCE we already had two opposing race clubs: on the one hand the first to be created, the National Club of the Andalusian Podenco, established in June 1990, and later, when the RSCE withdrawn the race for Dissidence among its managers, the Spanish Association of Breeders and Fans of Andalusian Podenco and Maneto.

It is surprising to see how a race that has remained unrestrained for thousands of years, as soon as it is touched by the so-called oficial official cynophilia ’becomes a hornet of disputes. There is a clear divorce among users of hunting dogs, the hunters, and the cinephile structures, which in the case of the Andalusian podenco has been revealed from the first steps for its recognition as a race. Before that recognition, the RSCE called on several occasions the Andalusian podenqueros to go with their dogs to concentrations where their technicians would be responsible for standardizing the breed. The Andalusian podenqueros responded to the call by attending a significant number, but with more curiosity than enthusiasm, because the man of Andalusian agriculture has known for millennia that little can be expected of what personal work itself is not. The cinephiles who from Madrid had attended those concentrations to give a chair were surprised to be the students of an ancient wisdom, that of the men who have raised and hunted with Andalusian hounds since the world is world.

This dog, the most authentic and genuine of ours, still struggles today to keep a hallmark away from the bureaucracy of the court. In spite of this, the breed lives a good moment, because the number of good dogs, notable animals in its category, is increasing, to which not only performance in the field is required, but also to meet the zootechnical requirements regarding its morphology, character and upbringing. The Andalusian podenco faces the future with the certainty that it is up to the demand of a society that asks for complete hunting dogs, where functionality has not been put at the service of beauty.

(Text: Eduardo de Benito / Photos: Archive)

Physical characteristics of the Andalusian Podenco

The Andalusian Podenco It has a robust and well proportioned body. It is protected by a layer of hair which can be sedentary (long and silky), smooth (fine and short) or Sardinia (long and hard), white, cinnamon or a combination of both. The head is cone-shaped, and its eyes are small, light amber. The tail is arched.

It can be divided into three sizes, which are:

  • Large size: with a height at the cross of between 54 and 64cm if it is male, and from 45 to 53cm if it is female. It weighs about 27kg.
  • Medium size: with a height at the cross of between 43 and 53cm if it is male, and from 42 to 52cm if it is female. It weighs about 16kg.
  • Small size: with a height at the cross of between 35 and 42cm if it is male, and from 32 to 41cm if it is female. It weighs about 8kg.

It has a life expectancy of 10-12 years.

What is your character?

The Andalusian Podenco, like the rest of the Podencos, has been used and is still used today to hunt, especially rabbits and hares. For this reason, it is a dog that always on alert, but who will know at all times to reward those who care for him. It is therefore an animal faithful Y balanced which also has an excellent memory.

You can adapt without problems to live in an apartment, but you will need to be taken for a walk every day and play with it to be happy.

The Andalusian podenco is an animal that, due to its size, can live as we commented in apartments, flats, ... in short, rather small houses. But it is very important that, in addition to basic food, vaccination and training care, you get him to exercise every day because he has a lot of energy. In fact, if you prefer, you can sign up for a canine sports club, such as agility or disc-dog, where in addition to keeping fit, you will learn to be with other dogs and people, listen to your caregiver and follow him.

Otherwise, your health is very good. Puede tener, como cualquier otro perro, algún que otro resfriado o sentirse mal en algún momento, pero nada que no se pueda prevenir -al menos, en gran medida- con un buen plan de vacunación, una comida de alta calidad que no lleve cereales, ejercicio diario y cariño.

Andalusian Podenco

The Andalusian Podenco is an animal that by its smell and its developed hunting instinct is able to face with total success, from the search for the rabbit in the brambles, to the hard grip of the wild boar, through the collection of ducks in the water. If we add to this capacity the extraordinary agility and resistance that characterize it, we are facing an exceptionally gifted animal for hunting.

ORIGIN: Spain

PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: March 1992

R.S.C.E CLASSIFICATION: 5th group. Hunting Dogs Section.

DESCRIPTION: The Andalusian Podenco is a breed that has three different sizes and within these there are three different hair varieties. The sizes are:
Andalusian Podenco Big Size.
Andalusian Podenco Medium Size.
Podenco Andaluz Size Girl.

As for the hair, this can be of three types:
Sardinian type (hard and long).
Sedentary type (silky and long).
Plain type (short and thin).

GENERAL ASPECT: It is a harmonic dog, compact, very rustic and well poised.

TEMPERAMENT / BEHAVIOR: Of great intelligence, nobility, sociability and always alert. From fair reactions to stimuli that denote a lively and balanced character. Very affectionate, submissive and loyal to the owner, but he breaks this link in the face of unfair punishment. All this gives it a great capacity for training.

It is a dog born to hunt, with an excellent nose and very resistant to fatigue, is not afraid of anything, methodical and fast in the search, with a cheerful beat after the piece, both in the big game and in the small one, being an excellent hair and feather collector, either in water or rugged terrain.

HEAD: The Podenco Andaluz dog is medium-headed, well proportioned and strong. Of trunk-pyramidal form, without presenting strong depression between skull and face, whose termination is not pointed, but rather square and snout ending in a slight subconvexity.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull shape: Subconvex.

Direction of the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle: In profile, previously coinciding, forming an angle of 18º.

Upper contour: Slightly subconvex.

Skull width: Less than its length with very little difference.

Shape of the superficial arches: Not very pronounced.

Occipital crest protuberance: Gently marked.

“Stop” (degree of naso-frontal depression): Soft and not very pronounced.

FACIAL REGION:

Truffle: Rounded, medium size, wide open nostrils and honey color.

Snout: Shorter than half of the total head size. The depth and width are similar. Nasal frontal profile: Straight, with gentle inclination at its distal end. Profile and shape of the lower jaw: Straight.

Lips: Firm, fine, well adjusted and honey colored.

Jaw and teeth: Shape of the jaw: The jaw is well developed and progressively accompanies strong jaws to give a robust and powerful set. Number and characteristics of the teeth: 42 pieces and well developed. Position of the incisors: In perfect opposition. Bite Piro: In scissors or tweezers (preferably in scissors).

Cheeks. Shape and appearance: Rounded and very muscular.

Eyes: Small in size and rounded, seen from the front. Its placement at a similar distance from the nape and the truffle, with a lively, intelligent front look. Iris of variable color between the different honey or hazelnut tones. The direction of the opening of the eyelids goes to the base of the ears. Pigmentation of the edges of the eyelids in accordance with the color of the truffle or coat.

Ears: The placement of the ear is of medium insertion, with wide implantation base, energetically raised when in attention. Its shape is triangular with blunt tips. The lateral end of the base coincides with the outer angle of the eye.

Neck: The upper profile is almost straight, of medium size, cylindrical, with wide insertion in the head and trunk, tending to form an angle of 45º with the longitudinal diameter of the body. Of great musculature and tight skin that never forms double chin.

BODY: The upper line or dorsal line has a tendency to horizontality.

Cross: Features: Cross little prominent and wide neck insertion.

Back: The upper line is straight, the muscles well developed. Proportion of back and kidney length: Back / kidney ratio: 2/1

Loin: Length: Short. Width: Wide. Musculature: Very developed.

Croup: Contour: Slightly rounded. Direction: Slightly inclined. Length: Long Width: Similar dimensions to length.

Chest: Length: The chest of length and width similar to the bicostal diameter. Thoracic cage depth: It is quite deep. Shape of the ribs: Robust and slightly arched ribs. Forearm: Wide, deep and strongly muscled.

Abdomen: Bottom contour: Collected. Abdomen shape: The belly is rounded and muscular. Shape of the folds of the belly: It has no folds in the belly.

Tail:
Insertion: Low implantation.

Length: It must not exceed the hock in length.

Thickness: Medium thickness.

Rest at rest: Saber-shaped towards the hocks.

Carry on the move: Half-moon up, more or less closed.

Description of the tail: Strong, covered with abundant hair, which never forms a flag, during the hunt moves it happily, it never cuts. Towards the end of it usually have some white spot the examples of cinnamon color.

EXTREMITIES

PREVIOUS MEMBERS:

General Appearance: Front legs seen from the front: Medium thickness, correct aplombs and marked muscular development. Front legs seen from the side: Arms of medium proportions presented strong musculature and articulated harmonically with the scapula, without appearing marked the encounter, broad elbows, prominent and parallel to the middle plane of the body. Proportion in relation to the body: Well proportioned.

Shoulders: Length: Of medium proportions. Tilt: Barely oblique. Musculature: Strong. Tilt of the scapulo-humeral joint: Barely oblique.

Arm: Length: Medium length and marked muscle development. Characteristics and shape of the bone: Strong.

Elbow: Position and angle of the elbow: Wide, prominent elbows, and parallel to the middle plane of the body, of open angles.

Forearm: The length of the forearm is proportionate to the rest of the limb and with strong muscles. Characteristics and shape of the bone: Strong.

Carps: Width: Similar thickness as the forearm.

Metacarpus: Length: Medium length and well proportioned. Width: Of similar thickness to the carpus. Position or inclination: Almost vertical.

Front Foot: Shape and curvature of the fingers: Rounded foot, neither cat nor hare. The curvature of the fingers little pronounced. Almost straight and strong. The nails are white or brown, wide and strong. The pads are hard and resistant of light or brown color.

AFTER MEMBERS:

General Appearance: Well poised, very strong and of great muscular development. Rear legs seen from behind: Strong and perfectly plumb. Proportion in relation to the body: long.

Thighs: Length: Long, wide, with developed musculature and descend barely oblique. The angle of the coxo-femoral joint: About 110 degrees.

Knees: Position: Medium-High. Femoro-tibial joint angle: Approximately 110 degrees.

Leg: It is strong, with a thick calcaneal tendon that quickly separates from the tibia to group a highly developed muscle pack. Length: Short in relation to the thigh Position: Pretty vertical. Bone shape and characteristics: Strong.

Hock: It is well angled, with thick tendons and tight. It is short and far from land. Well proportioned with the rest of the other bone diameters. Thickness: Of similar thickness to the metatarsal seen from behind. Angle of the tibio-tarsinana joint: From 150 to 160 degrees.

Metatarsus: Length: Very long. Width: In rear view thicker than the leg. Vertical position.

Rear Foot: The feet are practically the same as the hands, or somewhat more open and elongated. Shape: Medium or cat or hare. Curvature of the fingers: Similar to the front, strong with little curvature. The pulps (pads) are hard and resistant white or brown. Nails are wide and hard, white or brown.

MOVEMENT: The preferred movement in competitions and exhibitions is jogging. In the hunt is the fast jog interspersed with gallop.

SKIN: It is medium-thick, strong, well-fitting and highly resistant, with no folds or wrinkles in any body region. Pigmentation: The skin is light colored or in harmony with the hair color.

FUR:

Length: Straight or short hair: 2 cm. with ± 1 cm. Hard or Sardinian hair: 5 cm. with ± 1 cm. Long or sedentary hair: 8 cm. with ± 2 cm.

Texture: Straight or short touch hair is hard and seated. Hard or Sardinian hair to the touch is strong. Long or sedentary hair to the touch is silky. In both the sedentary and the Sardinian type, the dog is covered with abundant hair all over the body regions, presenting itself somewhat shorter on the extremities and on the head. Highlighting the absence of sub-hair.

Color:
Basic color: The layer is white or cinnamon, or integrated by both colors. The white color exists in its silver, matt and ivory variants, and the cinnamon can vary from the clear to the lit cinnamon.
Supported colors: Cinnamon and white.
Unsupported colors: The rest of the colors.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Cross Height:

Big Size:
Males: 54-64 cm.
Females: 53-61 cm.

Medium size:
Males: 43-53 cm.
Females: 42-52 cm.

Size Girl:
Males: 35-42 cm.
Females: 32-41 cm.

Large size: 27 kg. ± 6 kg
Medium size: 16 kg. ± 6 kg
Girl size: 8 kg. ± 3 kg

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